The Dobermann breed was created in Germany in the late 19th century by a tax collector and dog warden, named Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann. As he had access to the stray dogs of the pound he decided to attempt to create a dog who would protect him in the course of his tax collecting business.
There is no way of knowing which breeds he used to create The Dobermann but it is estimated that the Manchester Terrier, the German Pinscher, the Beauceron, the Rottweiler, the Greyhound, the Great Dane, the Weimaraner, the Thuringian Sylvan Dog, the German Shorthaired Pointer and the Old German Shepherd Dog.
Later, Otto Goeller and Philip Gruening continued to develop the breed until it became more like the dog we know today. The Dobermann was virtually unknown in the UK until the late 1940s. Shortly after this the breed standard was adopted by the Kennel Club.